Planting Hints for Daylilies
Daylilies do best in full sun, but will tolerate partial shade if they have a minimum of 6 hours of direct sun each day.
Daylilies will grow well in most soils. If you have heavy clay or sandy soil, the addition of compost, humus, or peat moss will enhance the soil and make it more usable.
Daylilies do not grow well near broadleaf trees because the tree roots are near the surface and use the moisture and nutrients. However, they will grow near pines because of the dappled shade and the pine’s deep root system.
The plants are hardy and be out out of the ground for an extended period for shipment. It is important to re-hydrate them by soaking them in water or a weak solution of liquid fertilizer for a few hours to overnight before planting. If they have been out of the ground for only a few hours, you may plant and then water.
When Planting Bare Root:
- Dig a hole larger than the root mass
- Work the soil to loosen it.
- Make a mound in the center of the hole.
- Set the plant in place with the roots spread on all sides of the mound.
- Plant at the original depth, which can be determined by the band of white at the base of the foliage.
Work the soil around and between the roots as you cover the plant.
- Firm the soil and water well.
Make sure that there are no air pockets around the roots.
- The plant should be placed 18 to 24 inches apart unless you are grouping or designing a special garden.
In pots or with soil:
- Soak the plant and growing medium in a bucket of water.
- Remove the growing medium and spread the roots and follow the directions above, for bare root plants.
Plants that are purchased in pots will probably bloom in the first year, but plants that are purchased “bare root” may need a full year to establish and bloom well.
- Regular, deep watering in the summer will increase the number and size of the blooms.
- Overhead watering will cause spots and/or wilt.
- Poor soils may require moderate applications of fertilizer such as a 5-10-10 in the summer and 3-12-12 in the fall.
- Most daylilies can be divided every 2 years, after blooming is done for the year. Some varieties are very prolific and can be divided every year.
- Some varieties, such as Stella D’oro, look better and are more showy in clumps.
- The most effective weed control is mulching or hoeing.